Lucy was discovered in 1974 in Africa, at Hadar, a site in the Awash Valley of the Afar Triangle in Ethiopia, by paleoanthropologist Donald Johanson of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. certain organic materials less than 75,000 years old. 2.5-1 Million years ago. Selam is the fossilized skull and other skeletal remains of a three-year-old Australopithecus afarensis female hominin, whose bones were first found in Dikika, Ethiopia in 2000 and recovered over the following years. 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The Nariokotome Homo erectus specimen ____. Its story began to take shape in late November 1974 in Ethiopia, with the discovery of the skeleton of a small female, nicknamed Lucy. Each section below discusses aspects of Lucy's anatomy that help us determine her mode of locomotion. That first evening they celebrated at the camp; at some stage during the evening they named fossil AL 288-1 "Lucy", after the Beatles' song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", which was being played loudly and repeatedly on a tape recorder in the camp. , Lucy's cause of death cannot be determined. The argument between "lumpers" and "splitters" is concerned with: The number of species in a set of fossil remains. The site lay about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) from the site where "Lucy" subsequently was found, in a rock stratum 60 metres (200 ft) deeper than that in which the Lucy fragments were found.  She apparently had physiological flat feet, not to be confused with pes planus or any pathology, even though other afarensis individuals appear to have had arched feet.. This ancestral species is the oldest known member of Australopithecus, a grouping of creatures that preceded our own branch of the family tree, called Homo. , Over the next three weeks the team found several hundred pieces or fragments of bone with no duplication, confirming their original speculation that the pieces were from a single individual; ultimately, it was determined that an amazing 40 percent of a hominin skeleton was recovered at the site. was probabaly a deliberate burial AND is a Neandertal. Lucy the pre-human hominid and fossil hominin, captured much public notice; she became almost a household name at the time. What is the dating method that uses the principle that undisturbed underlying geologic deposits are older than overlying geologic deposits called? Johanson suggested taking an alternate route back to the Land Rover, through a nearby gully. It is believed that she was a mature but young adult when she died, about 12 years old. Where have Miocene hominoid fossils been found? Her neurocranium is small and primitive, while she possesses more spatulate canines than other apes. More than 40 years later, Australopithecus afarensis is one of the best-represented species in the hominin fossil record. Lucy was of the species Australopithecus afarensis. The question of whether continuous local evolution produced anatomically modern groups directly from some regions of Eurasia ____. She was nicknamed ‘Lucy’ after the song ‘Lucy in the sky with diamonds’ sung by The Beatles. Question: D Question 1 0.12 Pts Time El Attempt O Minu Dating 3.2 Nya, The Fossil Skeleton Known As "Lucy Belongs To Which Species Of Australopithecine? The Homo erectus site in Europe that has caused paleoanthropologists to reconsider many of their interpretations of Homo erectus is which of the following? The specimen does not show the signs of post-mortem bone damage characteristic of animals killed by predators and then scavenged. Upper Pleistocene premodern Homo sapiens that have their evolutionary roots in Europe are called ____. This relatively complete female skeleton, dated to 3.2 million years old, is the most famous individual from this species. The following Facts about Lucy the Australopithecus explain the skeleton of a female hominin species. The only visible damage is a single carnivore tooth mark on the top of her left pubic bone, believed to have occurred at or around the time of death, but which is not necessarily related to her death.  She was also exhibited in Mexico at the Mexico Museum of Anthropology until its return to Ethiopia in May 2013. , In November 1971, near the end of the first field season, Johanson noticed a fossil of the upper end of a shinbone, which had been sliced slightly at the front. The robust australopithecines lived roughly _____ million years ago . She lived in Ethiopia 3.2 million years ago. This song was very popular at the time she was found. The task of interpreting early hominid evolution ____. The sum of the genetic, fossil, and archaeological evidence suggests that Neandertals ____. The creature had a small brain like a chimpanzee, but the pelvis and leg bones were almost identical in function to those of modern humans, showing with certainty that Lucy's species were hominins that had stood upright and had walked erect. Lucy is the common name of AL 288-1, several hundred pieces of fossilized bone representing 40 percent of the skeleton of a female of the hominin species Australopithecus afarensis. The fossil belongs to an ancient hominin known as Australopithecus anamensis, which is believed to be the direct ancestor of Australopithecus afarensis or the famous “Lucy” species. The common name of AL 288-1 is Lucy. , The fossil's discoverer Don Johanson stated his concern for the possibility of damage, but did not oppose touring and exhibiting Lucy, as he felt it would raise awareness of human-origins studies. boisei . , The Lucy specimen is an early australopithecine and is dated to about 3.2 million years ago. They noticed part of a femur (thigh bone) a few feet (about one meter) away. The French Neandertal site of St. Césaire dates to ____ years ago. His subsequent expedition led to the discovery of Lucy, a 40 percent complete skeleton of a new species of hominid, now known as Australopithecus afarensis. When did the initial hominid divergence from the African hominoids most likely occur? A nearly-complete skull of an ancient Australopithecus anamensis fossil was recently discovered in Ethiopia. (The Lucy skeleton occurs in the part of the Hadar sequence that accumulated with the fastest rate of deposition, which partly accounts for her excellent preservation. The tour was organized by the Houston Museum of Natural Science and was approved by the Ethiopian government and the U.S. State Department. On a hunch, Johanson decided to look at the bottom of a small gully that had been checked at least twice before by other workers. You will use known elements of Lucy’s morphology to identify primitive and derived characteristics, including bipedalism. There was discussion of the risks of damage to the unique fossils, and other museums preferred to display casts of the fossil assembly. Australopithecus, group of extinct primates closely related to modern humans and known from fossils from eastern, north-central, and southern Africa. They marked the spot and returned to camp, excited at finding so many pieces apparently from one individual hominin. The lower end of a femur was found near it, and when he fitted them together, the angle of the knee joint clearly showed that this fossil, reference AL 129-1, was an upright walking hominin. The first evidence of deliberate burial of the dead is associated with whom? Lucy was exhibited at the Discovery Times Square Exposition in New York City from June until October 2009. The find, from 3.8 million years ago, reveals the face for a presumed ancestor of the species famously represented by Lucy, the celebrated Ethiopia n partial skeleton found in 1974. In Ethiopia, the assembly is also known as Dinkinesh, which means "you are marvelous" in the Amharic language. The cranial evidence recovered from Lucy is far less derived than her postcranium. An expedition was soon mounted with four American and seven French participants; in the autumn of 1973 the team began surveying sites around Hadar for signs related to the origin of humans. These efforts were hindered by several factors: the rocks in the recovery area were chemically altered or reworked by volcanic activity; datable crystals were very scarce in the sample material; and there was a complete absence of pumice clasts at Hadar. Johanson assessed it as female based on the one complete pelvic bone and sacrum, which is a year-old! That may show evidence of human origins at 3.22 and 3.18 million years ago recovered... A 24,500 year-old specimen from Portugal that may show evidence of human culture been?. 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