For He is kind to the unthankful and evil. 1. In the second place, Jesus declared in no uncertain terms: “Whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery” (Matthew 19:9, emp. (+ or - denotes years from either Muhammad's death or Jesus' death). The evidence demonstrates that the author of the Quran borrowed extensively from Jewish and other sources. Allah is ever High Exalted, Great (Surah 4:34; cf. The complete version of the New Testament was found in the 4th century. Bible is a holy book associated with Christianity and Judaism. In stark contrast, the absolute imperative of New Testament Christianity is the evangelism of the whole world, i.e., the dissemination of the message of salvation—whether people embrace it or not (Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-16; Luke 24:46-47). Taking the Issues to Them. It is a collection of canonical books in two parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare in the sacred month. The New Testament and the Quran are the holy scriptures of Christianity and Islam, and as such they merit some degree of comparison. Quran or Koran is a holy book of Islam. There is no term for the "Bible" in the Qur'an; instead the Qur'an refers to specific holy books, including Torah (tawrat), Psalms (zabur) and Gospel (injeel). 28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Qur'an vs New Testament There are many similarities between the Quran and the New Testament. That (is the ordinance). added). The one time that one of His close followers took it upon himself to do so, the disciple was soundly reprimanded and ordered to put the sword away, with the added warning: “all who take the sword will perish by the sword” (Matthew 26:52). The King James Version of the Bible, used by English-speaking Protestants, consists of 66 books, divided into an Old Testament and a New Testament. Exhort the believers to fight. It is not allowed thee to take (other) women henceforth, nor that thou shouldst change them for other wives even though their beauty pleased thee save those whom thy right hand possesseth. It is a collection of canonical books in two parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same. That is, they prevented dispensers of justice from punishing too harshly or too much. So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. But Jesus rebuked them and said, “‘You do not know what manner of spirit you are of. First, on the one hand, it doubles the more reasonable and appropriate forty stripes (Deuteronomy 25:3)—a number that the Jews were so concerned not to exceed that they counted thirty-nine and stopped to allow for accidental miscount (2 Corinthians 11:24). No wonder a substantial number of Muslims manifest a maniacal, reckless abandon in their willingness to die by sacrificing their lives in order to kill as many “infidels” (especially Israelis and Americans) as possible. Enjoining retaliation would be in direct conflict with the nature of God. And whereas the Quran boldly declares, “And one who attacks you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you” (Surah 2:194; cf. This debate was recorded at South African Theological Seminary in January. Therefore you must be subject, not only because of wrath but also for conscience’ sake. O Prophet! God’s people who live posterior to the cross of Christ (i.e., Christians) are not charged by God with the responsibility of inflicting physical punishment on the evildoer. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. C. The most probable historical position is that Jesus of Nazareth was a historical person [1][5]. It contains the religious texts and laws of Islam and is considered to be the compilation of verbatim words of 'Allah' as dictated to Muhammad. The Quran says “persecution is worse than killing” (Surah 2:217)—i.e., it is better to kill your persecutors than to endure their persecutions! The Bible is 100% true and the absolute word of God. Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives? Muhammad would have been the recipient of considerable information conveyed orally by his Jewish, and even Christian, contemporaries. The Christian Byzantine Empire had begun to move against the growing Muslim power, and this surah contains mention of a greater war to come, and instructions with regard to it” (p. 145). The answer may be seen in the influence of the contemporaneous Jewish population of Arabia. And again, verily I say, let mine handmaid forgive my servant Joseph his trespasses; and then shall she be forgiven her trespasses, wherein she has trespassed against Me; and I, the Lord thy God, will bless her, and multiply her, and make her heart to rejoice (Doctrine and Covenants 132:51-56). Early Multiple authors 4. The Quran, the central religious text of Islam, contains references to more than fifty people and events also found in the Bible.While the stories told in each book are generally comparable, there are also some notable differences. The one generally preferred by Muslim commentators speaks of Hafsah finding the Prophet in her room with Mariyah—the Coptic girl given to Muhammad by the ruler of Egypt, who became the mother of his only son, Ibrahim—on a day that, according to his customary rotation among his wives, was assigned to A’ishah. Those who have modeled their thinking after New Testament Christianity are, to say the least, a bit surprised, if not shocked and appalled, that Islam countenances polygamy. Lo! Killing is better than being persecuted! Islam seeks to bring the entire world into submission to Allah and the Quran—even using jihad, coercion, and force; Christianity seeks to go into all the world and to announce the “good news” that God loves every individual, that Jesus Christ died for the sins of everyone, and that He offers salvation, forgiveness, and reconciliation. Hence, the Muslim is forced to maintain the self-contradictory position that, yes, there have been times that Islam has been properly violent and, yes, the Quran does endorse violence, but, no, most Muslims are not violent, and then only in self-defense. No sources 3. The Bible’s Credentials as Scripture That is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. Sorting Apples from Oranges B. The comparison will also shed light on the common themes of the Bible and the Quran and study the significance and use of sacred texts … I would love some help. Midwest USA. Pickthall explains the historical setting of this Quranic utterance: “It signified the end of idolatry in Arabia. The New Testament record presents a far higher, more noble and godly ethic on the matter of violence and armed conflict. But, each person has free choice to accept or reject without any retaliation by Christians against those who choose to reject. The “absolute imperative” (Rahman, 1979, p. 22) of Islam is the submission/conversion of the whole world. For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives but to save them.’ And they went to another village” (Luke 9:55). Had it not been for an ordinance of Allah which had gone before, an awful doom had come upon you on account of what ye took. … The second Quranic passage that acquaints the reader with the extent to which polygamy is not only permitted or tolerated, but also advocated and encouraged, is one titled “Banning.” The Hadith offer three traditions that provide the background details that help to make sense of the surah. But if she will not abide this commandment, then shall my servant Joseph do all things for her, even as he hath said; and I will bless him and multiply him and give unto him an hundredfold in this world, of fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters, houses and lands, wives and children, and crowns of eternal lives in the eternal worlds. The ancient Talmudic record (Arbah Turim, Ev. by Sami Ameri. It is the reward of their own deeds, an exemplary punishment from Allah. One author 4. It contains the religious texts and laws of Islam and is considered to be the compilation of verbatim words of 'Allah' as dictated to Muhammad. There’s an important point that needs to kept in mind in any discussion about the Qur’an, especially when comparisons are made to the New Testament. Early multiple sources 3. Is the New Testament or Qur'an a Better Successor to the Hebrew Bible? No extra … C. The most probable historical position is that Jesus of Nazareth was a historical person [1][5]. The time span for the … Cruel persecution was the lot of Muslims who had stayed in Meccan territory or who journeyed thither, and Muslims were being prevented from performing the pilgrimage. In truth the disbelievers are an open enemy to you. Lings, pp. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. Scribes were very conservative in their handling of the text, and were fearful of “losing” anything that was in the copy or copies they were working from. 33:26). A similar injunction states: “Sanction is given unto those who fight because they have been wronged; and Allah is indeed Able to give them victory” (Surah 22:39, emp. [Metzger, "Bible"]. The vast majority of those who claim to be “Christian” are practicing a corrupted form of the Christian Faith. Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2002), The Heart of Islam (New York: HarperCollins). For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God’s ministers attending continually to this very thing. added). Turn unto Allah in sincere repentance! Note: The following article was taken from the Hyde Park Christian fellowship - an informal network of Christian researchers in the UK, whose primary interest is the academic study of all issues relevant to Islam and Christianity. The standard Muslim attempt to justify the Quran’s endorsement of violence is that such violence was undertaken in self-defense (e.g., Surah 42:41). New Testament (Treated as a historical document): Claim: Jesus of Nazareth was crucified and died. To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other also. A. However, with the arrival of New Testament Christianity—an international religion intended for all persons without regard to ethnicity or nationality—God has assigned to civil government (not the church or the individual) the responsibility of regulating secular behavior. When the Prophet confided a fact unto one of his wives and when she afterward divulged it and Allah apprised him thereof, he made known (to her) part thereof and passed over part. Print. Can there be any doubt that the Quran approves of and encourages polygamy? Allah hath made lawful for you (Muslims) absolution from your oaths (of such a kind), and Allah is your Protector. And if Allah willed He could have punished them (without you) but (thus it is ordained) that He may try some of you by means of others. He will guide them and improve their state, and bring them in unto the Garden [Paradise—DM] which He hath made known to them (Surah 47:4-6, emp. Apart from the fact that the claim that Muhammad’s advocacy of fighting was justifiable on the ground of self-defense is contrary to the historical facts (since the wars waged by Muhammad and the territorial expansion of Islam achieved by his subsequent followers cannot all be dismissed as defensive), this explanation fails to come to grips with the propriety of shedding of blood and inflicting violence—regardless of the reason. 22:60), Jesus counters, “But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also” and “love your enemies” (Matthew 5:39,44). Early multiple sources 3. O ye who believe! Minneapolis: Thoughts of Light Publishing, 2013. Quran. This debate was recorded at South African Theological Seminary in January. If ye twain turn unto Allah repentant, (ye have cause to do so) for your hearts desired (the ban); and if ye aid one another against him (Muhammad) then lo! 41-42]. The New Testament and the Quran are the holy scriptures of Christianity and Islam, and as such they merit some degree of comparison. So those who...fought and were slain, verily I shall remit their evil deeds from them and verily I shall bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow—a reward from Allah (Surah 3:156-158,195, emp. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. Lo! So, if ye repent, it will be better for you; but if ye are averse, then know that ye cannot escape Allah. added). Lo! For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. While the Quran contains some commendable ethical regulations, it simply does not come up to the moral heights of the Bible. Though all data (Old Testament, New Testament and Quran) were combined and read into OdinText as a single file, the Old Testament is the largest with over 23K verses and about 623K words, followed by the New Testament with just under 8K verses and 185K words, and then the Quran with just over 6K verses and less than 78K words.” Truth sometimes doesn’t need the … Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture. Early extra-Biblical sources Quran (Treated as a historical document): Claim: Jesus of Nazareth was not crucified and did not die. Consequently, the First Aqabah pact, which contained no mention of war, became known as the “pledge of the women” (Lings, p. 112). Therefore “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; If he is thirsty, give him a drink; For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good (Romans 12:19-21, emp. 3) The Quran Is Understood as God’s Literal Words “Since Muslims believe the Quran is an eternal expression of Allah, they do not think that the Quran was written by men in any sense. 256-266). For he is God’s minister to you for good. Early Multiple authors 4. 1. Jesus taught His disciples, when faced with opposition and resistance, simply to walk away: “And whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet” (Matthew 10:14). … added). They were intended to inculcate into Israelite society the principle of confining retribution to appropriate parameters. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil) (Surah 2:190-194, emp. But love your enemies, do good, and lend, hoping for nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High. The last books of the New Testament were written by about 100 A.D. by the apostle John who was still alive at that time. Excepting those of the idolaters with whom ye (Muslims) have a treaty, and who have since abated nothing of your right nor have supported anyone against you. Jonathan McLatchie vs. Bashir Vania Here is my latest debate, with Islamic scholar Bashir Vania , on whether the New Testament or Qur'an is a better successor to the Old Testament. -- One --The Bible is a collection of books. He is the Knower, the Wise. Maybe the Quran was copied more faithfully after being in circulation for a certain period of time, but I believe you’ve said the same for he New Testament. Polyandry is completely prohibited in Both Christianity and Islam while as for Polygyny Bible Old Testament and Quran allow while the New Testament has some verses that seem to contradict it. The Transmission of the Qur'an vs. the New Testament: A Response to Ijaz Ahmad By Matt Hedges Back in 2015, Muslim apologist Ijaz Ahmad posted an article entitled "The Role of Scriptural Manuscripts in Islam and Christianity - A Primer", where he made some quite interesting claims that I believe lead us into issues about the transmission of two religious scriptures- The Qur'an and the New … There are numerous events that occur in both but may be told differently just as there are the same people mentioned but looked at from a different perspective. These verses show that the Quran implicitly endorses armed conflict and war to advance Islam. Allah prepareth for the disbelievers shameful punishment. that in Allah’s sight would be an enormity (Surah 33:50-53, emp. One late claim 2. The Bible is a complex and composite blend of religious myth, historical narrative, legal enactments, prophetic admonitions, cautionary tales, and poetry composed over a long 2 Chapter One. The Bible had been completed and combined to be the Old Testament and the New Testament before the Quran was given. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. added). Lo! B. The course will examine the status of the Quran and the Bible (the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament), analyse their nature as sacred texts, introduce the historical origins of the texts and compare the Bible and the Quran as literary works. Early Christian scribes vs. Quran scribes. “Those who have been given the Scripture” is a reference to Jews and Christians. Muslim historical sources themselves report the background details of those armed conflicts that have characterized Islam from its inception—including Muhammad’s own warring tendencies involving personal participation in and endorsement of military campaigns (cf. Lo! Though the passage in question indicates the criterion of a man’s ability to do justice to those he marries, there is no reason to specify the number four, since men would vary a great deal in the number of women that they would have the ability to manage fairly. The New Testament historical … Although Islam teaches that God revealed divine truth through ancient Hebrew and New Testament prophets, Muslim scholars do not recommend relying on the Old and New Testaments as a source for religious instruction. Absolutely no coercion is admissible from the Christian (i.e., New Testament) viewpoint. The course will examine the status of the Quran and the Bible (the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament), analyse their nature as sacred texts, introduce the historical origins of the texts and compare the Bible and the Quran as literary works. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression), but to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel his people thence, is a greater with Allah; for persecution is worse that killing. We have made lawful unto thee thy wives unto whom thou hast paid their dowries, and those whom thy right hand possesseth of those whom Allah hath given thee as spoils of war, and the daughters of thine uncle on the father’s side and the daughters of thine aunts on the father’s side, and the daughters of thine uncles on the mother’s side and the daughters of thine aunts on the mother’s side who emigrated with thee, and a believing woman if she give herself unto the Prophet and the Prophet desire to ask her in marriage—a privilege for thee only, not for the (rest of) believers—We are aware of that which We enjoined upon them concerning their wives and, those whom their right hands possess—that thou mayst be free from blame, for Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. There simply was no viable solution to their condition except extermination. This article compares the basics of textual integrity. In fact, “Allah loveth those who battle for His cause in ranks, as if they were a solid structure” (Surah 61:4, emp. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrongdoers. The Quran makes multiple references to the Old and New Testaments. Allah, even He, is his protecting Friend, and Gabriel and the righteous among the believers; and furthermore the angels are his helpers. We are not presupposing that the New Testament or the Koran are revelations from a God. God is never vindictive. Quran or Koran is a holy book of Islam. These latter verses conflict with Mosaic injunction on two significant points. Thou canst defer whom thou wilt of them and receive unto thee whom thou wilt, and whomsoever thou desirest of those whom thou hast set aside (temporarily), it is no sin for thee (to receive her again); that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieve and may all be pleased with what thou givest them. It approves various moral and social evils like polygamy, bloodshed, and illicit slavery (e.g., Surah 4:3,25,36,92; 5:89; 16:71; 23:6; 24:32-33,58; 30:28; 33:50-55; 58:3; 70:30; 90:13; cf. Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor (Romans 13:1-7, emp. Those who disbelieve long for you to neglect your arms and your baggage that they may attack you once for all. In fact, even the Old Testament affirmed that God “hates divorce” (Malachi 2:16). The teaching of the Bible on divorce is a higher, stricter, nobler standard than the one advocated by the Quran. Likewise, members of a clan of the Bani Nadir were executed in Khaybar for concealing their treasure rather than forfeiting it to the Muslims (Lings, p. 267). Lings, Martin (1983), Muhammad (Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions International). The New Testament consists of 27 books which serve as a source for Christian theology and morality. And let mine handmaid, Emma Smith, receive all those that have been given unto my servant Joseph, and who are virtuous and pure before me; and those who are not pure, and have said they were pure shall be destroyed, saith the Lord God. 58. because these documents back here in New Testament times have been corrupted. So the Quran indicates that at the Battle of Badr, no captives should have been taken. even though these documents are written in the six hundreds and they're gonna say that no we can't trust what the New Testament writers wrote. Bible is a holy book associated with Christianity and Judaism. The New Testament. added)—the very opposite of the Aqabah pact. Notice that the very responsibility that is enjoined on the government, i.e., “an avenger to execute wrath” by use of the sword in 13:4, is strictly forbidden to the individual Christian in 12:19, i.e., “do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath.” To “give place to wrath” means to allow God’s wrath to show itself in His own appointed way that, according to the next few verses, is by means of the civil government. Responses that touch on all aspects will receive higher points! 86,111). Brooks, Geraldine (1995), Nine Parts of Desire (New York, NY: Anchor Books). And those who are slain in the way of Allah, He rendereth not their actions vain (Surah 47:4, emp. Ye ask of them ( with ) a hundred stripes of at least 5 or as many as books. On the other hand, this viewpoint was explicitly contradicted by Jesus Christ ( Matthew 22:30 ) principle confining. Vs Quran - here is a transparent sanction of Muhammad ’ s end reminded of the New law. 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